There are three methods in which a couple can terminate their marriage in Ohio: Divorce, dissolution and annulment.
A divorce is initiated by one of the involved parties through the filing of a complaint that states the reasons for terminating the marriage. In response, the other party involved in the proceedings can file a counterclaim including their reasons for the divorce.
In order to obtain a divorce in Ohio, the person filing the report must be a state resident for at least six months before submission, and a resident in the county where the complaint was filed for at least 90 days. If the latter condition is not met, 90 days of residency by the defendant spouse in the county where the complaint is filed is an acceptable replacement
Dissolution is a joint petition a couple files with the court. Dissolution has the same legal effect as a contested divorce, but is usually faster, cheaper and involves less conflict between the two parties. Before filing the petition, both parties must enter into a ‚Äúseparation agreement‚ÄĚ to resolve any pertinent matters such as finances and property. If a couple cannot come to terms on a separation agreement, they must abandon their pursuit of filing dissolution and absolve their marriage through the more expensive method of contested divorce.
An annulment is a legal ruling issued by the court invalidating the marriage due to some defect present before the union was in effect. Unlike a divorce or dissolution that terminates a marriage, an annulment completely removes the legality of the marital union as if it had never taken place. Grounds for annulment might include fraud, mental incompetence or underage status of one of the involved parties.
Contact a divorce attorney in your area for more information on which option is best for you.